India is the largest democracy in the entire world; the country is also the second-largest when it comes to population and seventh in the land. Having a vast population and different terrains of land, it becomes evident that the democracy of the country will also be broad. With this large democracy comes the responsibility of conducting free and fair Elections, which responsibility is given to the Election Commission Of India.
Elections in India
Elections in India are celebrated as a festival, almost every fourth citizen of India is keenly interested in Indian politics. This is why the General Election of 2019 was given a tag line of ‘Desh Ka Maha Tyohar,’ which in English means the nation’s grand festival. But that’s not all. India is a nation of festivals and elections.
India goes for an election every year, they can be not so big as a general election but are crucially important for its democratic functioning. They have Panchayat elections at the grass-root level in the villages, Municipal corporation elections at the city level, state elections for the legislative assemblies of the states, and General election for the nation’s overall democratic working as a whole.
General election 2019
In 2019 India went through their General elections under which the citizen needed to vote and choose the Party which will form the nation’s government. The elections were held in seven phases, starting from April 11, 2019, to May 19, 2019; these elections were happening to form the country’s 17th Lok Sabha.
Lok Sabha is termed as the House of People in the Indian Parliament, where leaders elected by the people of the nation sit and do the proceedings accordingly. However, in the elections 2019, around 911 million people were eligible for casting their votes. India reported the highest number of voting of approximately 67% in which women voters also came out at a large scale to cast their votes.
Results were declared on May 23, 2019, after the calculation of votes in which the Bhartiya Janta Party came out as the largest Party winning 303 seats from a total 545 with a vote share of 37.36%. The BJP lead National Democratic Alliance won 353 seats [ 303 of BJP + 50 seats of alliance partners] and raised the total vote share from 36 to 45%. Another national party of Indian democracy, the Indian National Congress, which is believed to be a pre-independence party, won only 52 seats, and their alliance UPA won 91 seats in total.
The UPA leader, Mr. Rahul Gandhi, contested the elections from two Lok sabha constituencies that were Amethi in Uttar Pradesh state of India and Wayanad in the Kerala state of India. He lost Amethi from Smriti Irani Of BJP but won from Wayanad and came into the house. However, Prime minister Modi contested from Varanasi constituency of Uttar Pradesh and won the election there.
As a result, the National Democratic Alliance leader, Mr. Narendra Modi, took oath as the Indian Prime Minister for the second time and that too, forming a full majority government.