Elections In The Time Of COVID

people are standing in office

During any election in India, the public sphere takes up a frenzied collective behaviour, clamouring and shouting to have their voices heard amid the din of political speeches, announcements, and rallies. Elections necessarily include the obligation of all citizens to cast their vote. Still, in such times of mass hysteria induced by the COVID-19, it is natural that the voter turnout will be much less than would be expected under normal circumstances. But then again, isn’t it a national duty for all citizens to practise democracy and have their say in the general elections? How do we go about battling this dilemma? And to be more financially stable, in case of emergencies, you might want to consider playing some fun sports betting games via

Use Masks – At all times!

We have spent more than a year now being wary of the deadly COVID virus, and wearing masks has become almost customary – even if you want to step out of your house to get a packet of biscuits. However, some still wantonly violate this norm and roam around without a mask on their face. During elections, the crowds will be even denser, and hence, the practice of wearing a mask and shielding yourself from the virus is paramount.

Protect Your Hands

In the process of voting, your hands lie directly vulnerable to the virus since the voting machine, the pen, etc., are being touched by hundreds of other people – and you don’t know whether any of them are already COVID-positive. To remedy this, all you need to do is protect your hands by wearing the transparent gloves the election booth will provide you free of cost. By doing this, you eliminate a major part of the risk, which could have been deadly for you and your family.

Sanitise, Sanitise, and Sanitise!

This does not require saying, the more you wash your hands with soap or handwash, the more you eliminate the risk of contaminating the virus. On top of that, it is recommended that one carry a bottle of sanitiser in their pocket at all times. If, by chance, you feel like you may need to bring your hands close to your face to eat, or sneeze, etc., you can sanitise your hands first and then proceed. Sanitisers should be an integral part of your daily life in the times of COVID, and for good reasons too!

Maintain Social Distancing

Granted, there’s the thin scope of social distancing while standing in a queue at the election booth. However, for the sake of yourself and your family, stand at least a few feet away from the other people around you – and if they come too close, politely ask them to keep distance; after all, we’re fighting this virus together, and sometimes all you need to do is remind other people of that.

Even as the coronavirus continues to ravage the country, we mustn’t shy away from practising our democratic privileges. To build a strong community with emboldening ideals and make possible the society of our dreams, we must continue to fight for what’s right – and only a good voter turnout will ensure that we’re able to practice what we preach.

read more
ElectionsNewsOur Priorities

We’ll Flush Out Corrupt Judges

Q: How has it been presiding over the Court of Appeal?

A: Very challenging. The court, being the second highest in the land, has a constitutional responsibility to oversee cases and appeals from all the courts below our level- State High Courts, Federal High Courts, Customary Courts of Appeal and Sharia Courts of Appeal. So you can see the huge outlets of activities; taking appeals from all of these courts are major assignments.

Q: What is your assessment of the judiciary at all of these levels you have mentioned, especially in recent times?

A: The judiciary is a human institution and no human institution is 100 per cent perfect. Human beings are the ones operating the system. So, some of them may be very bright, some very hardworking while some are just half way. To be fair to the judiciary, we have set up machinery for screening people before they get to the High Court because the High Court Bench feeds the Courts of Appeal, just as the Courts of Appeal feed the Supreme Court. So, you have these outlets out there and you just have to do your best to have the best materials at every level in these outlets, as it allows for a good standard. So far, we have been trying to achieve that objective. But as I said, in every human institution, there is bound to be one or two shortcomings. Those shortcomings also exist in the judiciary. Assessing the performance of the judiciary generally,

I think the Nigerian judiciary has performed very well, given the circumstances, environment and the attitude of the people. Largely, there is a lack of understanding of the processes we use. And of course, if you are ignorant of something, you tend to form your own opinion whether it conforms with the reality of the situation on ground. In all, people are entitled to their opinion. In my own humble view, I think we have done well so far. tn-cover-oct-06.jpg

Q: Is there no way the judiciary can promote public awareness in some of these issues that the public tends to misunderstand? A: Our work does not permit the judges to get involved in this kind of thing because we don’t want to join issues with people. We just want to be left alone to concentrate on doing our job. Of recent, yes, we saw the need to establish some kind of Public Relations department that can explain some of these things because it is made up of insiders, who will know the operations of the system and the difficulties. I think the creation of this department is very necessary in view of the recent happenings in the judiciary. So, in each of our courts now, there is a PR department. For example, I have a PR officer in this court. I believe the Supreme Court also has at the federal level. I believe it’s the same thing at the state level, too. They interact with the people and try to explain some grey areas of our work to the public. The PR department not only needs to be established, it also needs to be strengthened.

Q: There have been many criticisms of the election petitions tribunals sitting across the country. As the person saddled with setting up of these tribunals, are you satisfied with their performance?

A: As the President of the Court of Appeal, it will be very difficult for me to assess the performance of these tribunals. I have been given this constitutional responsibility to establish them. It is not my own making and it is the Constitution that gave me that power. I try as much as possible to make sure I get the best materials because the judges who do this work are not under me. I don’t know them, so I rely on the Chief Judges to give me a list of judges they think are credible. Now, I went a step further to collect the nomination from all the states. I tabulate them and what I do is to send the names of the judges nominated from each state to the Nigerian Bar Association, NBA, of that state to comment on their character. The NBA knows them because its members practise before them. I don’t know them. Based on the recommendations of the NBA and also some justices of the Appeal Court that serve in those areas, I then select those I think will be able to serve on these tribunals. Another thing I do is that I don’t send a judge to his own state or any state close to his state. I send them somewhere far away. So if you are the chairman and you are from Lagos, for example, other members will come from Rivers, Borno, Benue or Sokoto. That is how we form the panels. Let us also appreciate that even though these judges have been dealing with cases, election petitions have peculiar proceedings because there is a lot of politics involved. And so, they have to be given special treatment. Don’t forget that the panel members are like five strange fellows coming from different parts of the country and probably meeting for the first time. But they have to sit and work together. So far, so good. They have done very well. I had problems in a few areas. In fact, I had to pull out one justice from a panel due to personal disagreement. But so far, we have moved on.

To expedite proceedings, I try this time around to introduce a new system – frontloading– into dealing with the petitions. I drafted a practice direction, which the tribunals are using for the first time. There have been some criticisms here and there; I admit that in every human endeavour, there are bound to be imperfections. The good thing is that we are testing this procedure for the first time. I think it has produced good results. Next time, we shall fine-tune it and I think it will work much better.

One way I think we have to also deal with election petitions is that the National Assembly has to come out with special rules that will govern the proceedings. To say that the tribunal should use Federal High Court rules and some other laws for the proceedings of election tribunal is too cumbersome. Most of the tribunal judges are from the State High Courts; only very few are from Federal High Courts. These judges are not used to the Federal High Court rules. They are used to the rules of their various states. So, for them to be given new rules at the tribunals is a little bit untidy. I think the National Assembly should come up with specific rules for the tribunals to use when dealing with election petition cases.

Q: Are you thinking of forwarding a paper to the National Assembly on this observation so that we will not have hearing of petitions going on for more than one year as we are having now? A: Almost all of the people in the National Assembly have been affected positively or negatively by the proceedings, so they should know where the shoe pinches. After all, they drafted the Electoral Act and passed it into law. Having done that, I don’t think they will have any difficulty making the rules that will guide the proceedings better because they have also experienced the process.

Q: How about sending a memo to the Electoral Review Committee? A: In fact, I am meeting with them tomorrow (last Thursday).

Q: Given the problems that the Election Petitions Tribunals have grappled with, as you have enumerated, would you say you are satisfied with their performances so far? A: Satisfied? Yes, because I know that members of the tribunals have gone through a lot of problems. Don’t forget that these judges are serving in states where they probably were visiting for the first time. Issues of accommodation and security are of very paramount importance when judges are made to handle election petition cases, which usually are very volatile. Some states are willing to assist in various ways, but in some states, you have to provide virtually everything. The tribunals have to get their own staff because they can’t afford to expose the proceedings to everybody. But we do use one or two local staff, just for convenience and to help the work of the tribunal. Remember that when they go to the different states for these assignments, they leave their families behind, leave their courts. Once in a while, you have to give them time off to go and see their families and so on. Travelling from one end of the country to another is not easy. Putting all these together, I think they have done very well.

The number of petitions they have dealt with is a testimony that they have done well. In 2003, we had a total number of 570 petitions. But in 2007, we had a total of 1,475 petitions. This is double the number of petitions in 2003. By the middle of August, almost all the petitions had been concluded. I hope you also know that every loser in an election is a petitioner. And petitions lost at the tribunal are moved to the appeal tribunal. So we have equal number, sometimes even higher number of appeals than what took place at the lower tribunal because in one suit, you may have two to three appeals owing to cross-appeal and all that. This is what is happening. We understand and we appreciate the anxiety of the people. We try not to keep these cases for so long. But there are a few sensitive appeals still pending.

Q: Why are they pending, why taking so long?

A: I like this question. You see, it is natural that when the lower tribunals conclude their cases and deliver judgment, one of the parties that lost will appeal.

Then, there will be a process of compiling record of the proceedings and some of them can be very bulky. Imagine the number of exhibits which are always attached. The registrar will work very hard to compile these records that the Court of Appeal will use in determining the merits of the appeal. After compiling the records, counsel to the parties will have to take a look at the records and certify that this is the true representation of proceedings at the tribunal.

That is the time it will now be formally filed in the registry. That is the time that appeal is entered. From that date, counsel to the appellant will, within 60 days, file his brief of arguments. After that, the counsel to the respondent will, within 45 days, reply. After that, the appellant will have 15 days to also reply. So, it is time- consuming. To file records before the court may take two months, then filing of briefs, from the calculation I made now, will take about four months, before all the papers will be in. In between, there are several motions to be heard and disposed of before the appeal is heard. These are the things that people don’t know. They just believe we are delaying the sitting of the tribunals because what they are interested in is the judgment. But they don’t know that we have to follow our own rules and procedure; we cannot go against the rules. If we do that, one of the parties will be affected.

Q: You spoke of assistance coming from state governments to the election petitions tribunals. Is there a ceiling to this assistance? A: I am a member of the Board of Governance of the National Judicial Institute, NJI, where all the Chief Judges meet. When there are tribunals in the states, we appeal to Chief Judges to assist when the judges for the tribunals get to their states. They are their colleagues. In fact, the Chief Judges have also recommended their judges for the same assignment in other states.

So, the appeal is not to the government, but to the state judiciary to provide assistance. For instance, if the Chief Judge has a guest house, we expect that it should be made available to judges serving on the election tribunals. If no guest house is available and I am informed, I will look for a hotel for the members of the tribunal and pay for it. They also help us with the local staff that will help our staff at the tribunal in the day-to-day operation of the tribunals. These include bailiffs to serve court processes. We are not concerned with state governments, but with the judiciary.

Q: But are you thinking of ways to reduce the processes that make the period of resolving election petitions so long? Can the process be abridged? A: There is the possibility. Even in our rules, you can abridge time. But in doing this, all the parties must agree. Because you cannot say out of 60, I will give you only 25 days without the consent of the parties concerned. There must be the cooperation of counsel of the parties concerned, otherwise the counsel can insist on the constitutional provision, which is 60 days for filing of papers.

Q: We have also heard instances of some former or retired judges putting pressure on members of these tribunals…

A: Don’t forget that we are human beings. I have discussed the human element part of these tribunal proceedings earlier. There is temptation to always approach these ex-judges to talk to members of the tribunals for one favour or the other. If they don’t take a strong position, they may fall into this temptation. They know it is wrong to do so.

What I expect these ex- judges to say is: ‘Look, I have done this job before; I never did this thing when I was in active service. Go and tell your lawyer what to do if you know you have a good case.’ I expect a respectable retired judge to talk this way, not saying: ‘Okay, I will see what I can do.’ From this what you can do, a lot of evil will follow. In most cases, the tribunal judges might not even be aware of what is going on. Don’t also forget that the National Judicial Council, NJC, will always sit to look at the merit or otherwise of every case. So, every judge found wanting would be flushed out. It is in the interest of any judge who is tired of the job to voluntarily retire than wait to be flushed out.

Q: Have you had cases where people petition you that so and so tribunal is not fair or this particular judge is found wanting in this particular case?

A: There are quite a number of petitions. But the problem is that in most of the petitions, what you see are general complaints. And if you say you are going to ask judges to respond to the petitions against them while they are still working, you will be dividing their attention. Which one will they do–to start answering queries or to concentrate on the job given to them? In any case, anybody who loses has a right of appeal.

I suggest that it is better to appeal than resorting to writing petitions. This is one of the areas we have to address properly in this country. Administration of justice is not just the work of the judicial officers. It involves other segments of the legal profession- the Bench, Bar and even the parties themselves. If the Bench will do its work in accordance with the law and oath of office of the judges, members of the Bar are supposed to assist the court to do justice. But they abandon their responsibilities and become part of the problems. Of course, the problems will remain.

It is also very disheartening that rather than present the merit of their cases, some parties will start looking for connection to the judges. All these things hamper the growth of the judiciary. In my view, the remuneration for judges has been enhanced. So, any judge who does not want to live within the this enhanced pay should find his way out voluntarily before he is flushed out compulsorily. Also, any member of the Bar that will resort to filing petitions against judges because he lost a case should go back to school to learn more about the ethics. I am happy NBA is organising some re-training programmes. I hope members of the Bar will appreciate their position as officers of the court and do what is right rather than abandoning their responsibilities and start aligning with their political clients, who give them money to start writing petitions against judges. Sometimes, you won’t see any merit in the petition, very insulting petitions.

Q: Are you saying there is no merit in the petitions? A: I am a member of the NJC and we received about 20 petitions against judges from the tribunals and none of them was substantiated. It is making the whole thing look bad, but it is not.

Q: Could it be lawyers that write the petitions? A: If you read the language, you will know it must be lawyers that wrote them because you see them citing cases.

Q: Are you saying the petitions are not supported whatsoever with evidence to prove the allegations they contained? A: They have no evidence. They just say they don’t agree with this judgment and that. It is very sickening.

Q: You said the judiciary has done very well. But are you concerned about the perception of the Appeal Court, with some people even going as far as describing it as the black sheep of Nigerian judiciary. In the run-up to the 2007 elections, for example, many decisions of the Appeal Court were overturned at the Supreme Court…

A: I am concerned because this is my constituency. But it is the opinion of those saying whatever they are saying. I cannot stop them. Let’s put elections aside. If you go to any division of the Court of Appeal today, take a look at what they have on their daily list. It is amazing. Sometimes, their list is just like that of the Magistrate Court. That shouldn’t happen, but this is because of the number of appeals coming to the court. But elections being what they are, there are personal interests and everybody wants to win. If he doesn’t win, then he must find somebody to put the blame on. And this is where these things are coming in those election matters and anybody who lost will be a potential petition writer or a commentator that will damage the image of the Court of Appeal because he didn’t win. But people should read our judgments, which are always supported by reasoning, before making comments.

Each judgment you read is supported by reasoning on why and how we arrived at that conclusion, but people don’t even bother to read the judgments, check the reasoning and the conclusion. But they just want to attack and say this is perversion, I have been denied my right. Read the judgment first, even if you don’t agree with it. And in any case, we are human beings who can make mistakes. But people also need to accept that there is a limit to the fight to occupy positions and even if they don’t get it this time, they can make it the next time.

Q: The new NBA President, Rotimi Akeredolu, recently said in a newspaper interview that you have not discharged your responsibility properly in constituting the tribunals?

A: Well, I have never been involved in controversies in my life and I want to leave it so. I don’t want to join issues with anybody. But what he must have said is his opinion.

Q: Is there a possibility of a review of the judgments by the tribunals after they must have disposed of the petitions?

A: No. The constitution is very clear about this.

Q: Not a review to punish erring judges or reverse the judgments? Won’t that, in the future, help to avert the contradictions we have seen in some judgments like those in Sokoto and Kebbi where the cases appear similar but different judgments?

A: What is wrong with Kebbi and Sokoto? Have you read the judgments? Go and read the judgments. There is reasoning behind these judgments. You don’t criticise a judgment until you read the reasoning. Those criticising the judgments have not read the reasoning. They just assume and it is not fair. They are so eager to criticise and condemn. These judgments are public documents after they have been delivered. They are no longer secret documents. In fact, Gani Fawehinmi publishes all of them. So if you buy one copy of Gani’s law report, you can get a collection of these judgments. If you can read, even without being a lawyer, you will be able to get to the point of what has been said. But people don’t read at all. We really need to encourage reading in this country. Though we appreciate criticism, people should endeavour to make it constructive. You don’t have to insult the judges because you don’t agree with the judgment.

Q: What steps are you taking to address this habit of judges not immediately making certified copies of judgments available? This is believed to be aimed at thwarting the effort of the appellant?

A: I don’t think that is true. Most of these judgments, when they are being delivered, usually leave those like the governors’ till the last day. And when they deliver them, they go home and leave copies with the secretary, who is supposed to reproduce for the parties.

Q: Would you have loved that you were not saddled with these election petitions because of the controversies?

A: No. I have been into those for long. I am not bothered at all. I do the best I can. Sometimes when a division is overloaded with work, I appoint a special panel to go and assist those on the ground to speed up the process and clear up the cases. What we do at the tribunal and because of the importance of the governorship cases, for example, I always make sure that I don’t leave it to a panel where they come from because there could be pressure on them because they live there. So, I take some people from other divisions and they go there as a team. If they like, they can write their judgment there, otherwise they can adjourn, hold their conference somewhere else and decide on the appeal.

Q: Can you tell us some of the trickiest cases you have handled in the course of your career? A: I have been a judge as far back as 1977. I was at the High Court and I handled both civil and criminal cases. To me, every case is important because the interest of somebody is at stake and you must not joke with it. At the Court of Appeal, we normally sit in a panel and the judgment is not just your own. You hold conference with your colleagues where everybody will come up with his/her own idea, before you decide how the appeal should go. So, one cannot say here that this is my judgment. It is the judgment of the court. It is at the High Court that judges sit alone and decide the cases on their own.

Q: If you come back to the world again, would you want to be a judge? A: I came from a judicial family. It is the greatest thing in my life. My parents and great grandparents were all judges.

Q: And your children? A: For now, I have three lawyers

Q: Considering the load on the Appeal Court, would you advocate the creation of more divisions?

A: I am already in the process of creating more divisions. This year, I have about three. In next year’s budget, I’ve proposed Makurdi, Borno, Adamawa and perhaps Katsina or Kano. The court is growing. That is why you find that the coordination of some of these issues can be very tricky. I can understand if you talk of some conflicting judgments at the Court of Appeal. They are understandable because many cases arise in a particular division. You must understand the perception. There are not two cases that are really the same. Though they call it conflicting, the truth is also that they didn’t bother to read the reasoning behind the judgment and they will just say: why give different judgments? But we have taken steps. I regularly meet with the presiding justices to discuss these issues. What we normally do, if any major issue has been decided at any particular division, the judgment should be circulated to all other divisions.

Q: Apart from the work load, what are the other problems confronting the Appeal Court?

A: Generally, in the Federal Judiciary, we don’t have much problems with funding. One has to be honest. The problems are in the states, simply because the governors there have refused to implement a section of the Constitution that enjoins them to hand over any amount appropriated to the judiciary for its operations. So, the judiciary is crippled. In the judiciary at the federal level, we have a long process of screening people coming in, but sometimes, there can be mistakes here and there. But there are also mechanisms set in place to correct these errors. Infrastructure wise, we are trying our best. In Calabar, we have a new complex being developed and we hope to finish it next year. The building that would serve as the headquarters is already in place and by October, we will move over. In Jos, we are also doing the same thing. We have virtually a new complex in Port Harcourt and many other places.

Q: When do we expect to have the pending appeals disposed of?

A: All the 1,475 petitions are being disposed of, but at the level of appeal, some retries have been ordered. I have already set up panels for these. We are doing our best and the panel will start sitting this week, and immediately after Sallah, it will be full blown.

Q: Any specific time frame?

A: Well, you will also need to consider the performances of the counsel to the parties. If they are up to it and their motions are disposed of without them coming up with more motions, the appeals will be taken quickly. Normally, we reserve judgment for a week or two. We on our own don’t take too long.

Q: Does it disturb you that some governors stay for up to two years before their elections are nullified, maybe on grounds of electoral malpractices and after a fresh election, they win a fresh term of four years ?

A: I don’t know. It is the system that allows it. I think the classical case is the Obi case in Anambra and the Supreme Court has decided on it. And as the highest court in the land, we have to follow its decision.

read more

Here Are The Different Types Of Elections!!

This is the true and significant fact that elections make a fundamental contribution to any country’s democratic governance. Democracy is a term in which the entire body makes a form of government and qualified citizens’ political decisions. Elections are the best way to enable water and the country’s citizens to select their leaders, which are best for the development of their state and the country. To be more financially stable, regardless of whom is in the seat, you might want to consider playing some fun and interactive sports betting games via

Basically, there are three types of ELECTIONS conducted by the government: primary elections and general and local ones. Let’s discuss all the three types of elections in the below paragraphs.

  1. Primary elections

There are two types of elections held under the primary elections in which first are the Presidential elections. Voters registered with the political parties that have to select the candidate which represents the country. The elections of the state-wise primary presidential posts are held in March on the first Tuesday after the first Monday.

  1. General elections

This type of general election is one of the ones held in the whole state, and it is not limited to the particular number of voters for a specific party of the locality. Majorly the elections of journal posts are held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November. In addition, now, the primary purpose of the presidential general election is to choose the president among the various candidates. The parties have nominated them. The mean team conducting the state-wise general elections is to give our congregational officer the voters as their final choice.

  1. Local elections

There is no time set by the parties for replying and conducting the election of these local parties. If you are a registered voter of the country, you will receive a sample ballot before the two or three days of elections. It provides basic information related to the election that is running the electric office and local Ballot measures. 

Nonetheless, in these ELECTIONS, even the nonpartisan candidates also take participated. They are affiliated with conducting the elections and fighting against the person approved by the particular party.

Who certified the post of presidential elections?

Basically, the post of Presidential elections is certified by the National Archives and records administration, which is NARA. The particular Federal agency is responsible for all the coordinating work and function, which the president does between the states and Congress by sitting at the post of president. 

Furthermore, most people always ask the question, does the popular vote matter in counting the list whenever announcing the results. However, the popular vote is counted, but it is not used to decide the election’s final results as the Nation’s president or vice president. This is because the NARA indirectly does the ELECTIONS and the counting of Presidential posts, so the results are not caused directly for the candidate. That is why the popular vote doesn’t matter when it comes to using the country’s president.

To sum up with!!

To sum up this article, we have mainly discussed the different types of elections held in all countries for the various post. 


read more

Senator Nzeribe And Fixing Our Elections?—Kanayo Esinulo

Any time Nigeria is at the brink, cliff or about to go under, it could be traced very easily to elections or election-related matters. Every election since 1963 has led to one form of political problem or the other. It is either the opposition was forced to take the extreme measure of totally boycotting the election or the election results got cooked up, rejected and declared unacceptable. When the United Progressive Grand Alliance, UPGA, rejected the results of the 1964 general elections, Nigeria found itself at a critical crossroad. The 1993 presidential election whose result was already public knowledge and eventually annulled by a cabal, is too recent to detain us here. The annulment helped to reveal the fragile nature of our democratic practice and an electoral process that did not get certain basics right.

Oftentimes, we miss the vital points. Yes, our system is bad and needs to be re-visited. The level of corruption in Nigeria is still high, and directly impacts on our politics, particularly our electoral processes. And we must not try to isolate what happens during our elections from the level of corruption that our country has painfully attained. We are not yet there with democracy.

Democracy has everything to do with popular choice and the building and strengthening of its infrastructures and institutions. In Nigeria, we have the habit of forgetting to associate the quality of our leaders with the type of elections that produced them. I have argued elsewhere that one sure way of getting things right in Nigeria–politics and economy–is to get our elections right by simply ensuring only those who won majority of the votes cast are allowed to govern. The point could, therefore, be made that only a tiny population of our elected representatives may have really won.

For many years and in different dispensations, Chief Francis Arthur Nzeribe represented me and my

people at the Nigerian Senate. Yet, an interaction with people of varied social categories at my senatorial constituency – workers, farmers, students, retirees, lumpen-proletariat and the self-employed – could not produce anyone who admitted that he ever cast his vote for the “Oguta boy”, as one retired Headmaster described him at Mgbidi, the next town to Oguta. Again, no one ever remembers attending any political rally addressed by Chief Nzeribe before or during political campaigns. Yet, he wins all the time. Since 1983, when Nzeribe abandoned his “flourishing businesses in the UK ’’ to be part of Nigeria ’s murky politics, the man has ‘won’ all the elections he contested, whether my people liked it or not.

How was Chief Francis Arthur Nzeribe able to perform these series of magic? My answer is: the man simply understood the system, how Nigeria works and what it takes, period! Give it to Nzeribe. But the man knows that beside the 1983 elections in which the late Chief Sam Mbakwe and Chief RBK Okafor loaned him their political network and platform that enabled him defeat a more popular Collins Obi of African Continental Bank fame for the Senate seat, Nzeribe cannot in good conscience claim that he won clean in the other elections that he took part in.

His successes in retaining Orlu Senate seat were governed largely by his untested claim that he had the capacity to match naira for naira, rice for rice, and okporoko for okporoko. Yes, the man understood, more than majority of Nigerian politicians, the critical role of the mass media in our electoral process: namely, that once the announcement was made by those “boys at the radio station and the other news rooms pick it up”, the battle has been won, and the opponent conquered and routed. The rest, Nzeribe’s erstwhile aides would tell you, is left between the victim and the Election Tribunals.

But this piece is not all about the man who claimed to have represented me at Nigeria’s upper legislative House a good number of times. The more critical point I want to make is that when a politician gets into Government House, state House of Assembly, or goes to the Federal House or the Senate on his own steam, through his own methods and channels, he may not necessarily be answerable to his people. After all, he did not really get there through the people’s votes. Was that why Senator Nzeribe never bothered to mention the horrible state that Onitsha/Owerri road, which substantially criss-crossed the constituency that Nzeribe claimed to represent, was for so many years? The unmotorable condition of that strategic highway and the number of accidents that occurred on it never struck the distinguished senator as a matter worth throwing up for public discourse.

That may also explain why the criminal gas-flaring and the pollution of our environment by multinational oil corporations at Egbema and surrounding oil locations, did not receive as little as a condemnation from Senator Nzeribe all his days at the Senate. He never brought the agony of our people in the oil-bearing areas where Shell Petroleum and Agip have exploited crude for decades, to the attention of those who govern the Nigerian state. But why should we hold Nzeribe accountable, or for this gross dereliction of duty, as it were, when he could easily argue, as he often did, that we did not put him there.

The point I make is simple: for Nigeria to get there, we must do something fundamental about our electoral system. Our elections must reflect popular choice. Neither the Electoral Act of 2006 nor the 1999 Constitution which was dutifully packaged, sealed and delivered for us by the military is the ultimate answer or solution. We may have to give serious consideration to those things and those factors that made the June 12 1993 election rig-proof, and possibly borrow from them. We may have to think about the number of political parties that we now parade. The discarded Option A4 of the Humphrey Nwosu era now needs to be re-visited, and the practice of counting and announcing election results at polling stations is good for any country whose democratic institutions are still fragile.

It was good that President Umaru Yar’Adua recognised the inadequacies of the electoral system that produced him, for soon after he assumed office, hae publicly admitted that the processes needed to be revisited and re-jigged. The bottom-line, however, is for those who get the largest number of votes cast to be declared winners, and allowed to represent and govern us.

read more

Some of the updates regarding the USA president elections 2020

The elections are considered as one of the biggest festivals for the nationals of the country. People are very excited to vote and elect their new president. The elections are going to be held in the first week of November in the USA. The current president Donald Trump and Joe Biden are candidates form which people have to choose the deserving president for the world’s largest economy. It has been observed that both the presidents are giving their level best to convince their citizens to get their votes.

What about the first presidential debate?

  • Usually, three presidential debates are held, and Trump and Biden met for the first debate a few days ago, which was really very interesting. The debate was held in Cleveland, Ohio, by Chris Wallace of Fox news. The major topics of the discussion in the debate were The Supreme Court, Covid-19, and race and violence in the streets of the US.

  • The beginning of the debate was quite tensed, but after some time, it took the attention of all the viewers. Everyone was surprised by the moves that took place in the debate. After a few moments, a cascade of insults and interruptions took place by both the candidates. It was cleared that Donald Trump was trying to be more disruptive as he did not miss any chance of insulting Mr. Joe Biden.

  • The main argument was about job availability, which has been affected very severely after the outbreak of COVID-19 in the state. There is no doubt that Biden was right about the statement as the employment rate has fallen back to half value than what it was in April.

Updates regarding the second debate

To get the support of people, both the candidates are giving their best in performing the campaigns. But the second presidential debate has been canceled on Friday. This happened because the president, Donald Trump, refused to participate in the debate. Everything was cleared that he stepped back because of his encounter with the COVID-19 a few days ago.

The health commission has stated that due to the illness of Trump and the first lady, they have tried to shift the debate to another format. The proposal of this debate has been rejected by the president as he has planned to resume the rallies. The first rally will begin in Florida on the coming Monday.

What about the current status of the campaign?

A report suggests that the trump has announced that soon he is planning some new measures of campaigning. He will be conducting a couple of rallies in the upcoming weeks as now he has been treated for the illness. It is evident by the doctors that he is healthy enough to continue his task of convincing the citizens to get their precious votes.

Thus, it is cleared that both the candidates are giving their level for making space in the heart of people. The one who will be able to provide people assurity about fulfilling their desires as president will get elected as the president of the united states of America.

read more

Elections – Different Types and Their Benefits

You might be aware of elections, which are helpful for selecting one of the best leaders for various purposes as it takes place in various sectors. It helps people show their gratitude towards the economy and allows them to have the best result. It is crucial for all the people to know about ELECTIONS to participate in it and try to make a great impact on the economy. Before getting involved in elections, you must gather some related details, which will help you learn about the elections more.

Once you get to know about various political rules and tricks, then it will be a great help for you to win the elections and also allows you to become a major part of the economy. Many people want to take part in this world, but due to a lack of knowledge, they get into a major problem and drop their idea of getting involved. You should always be aware of all the political aspects so that you can easily deal with elections and other elements. If you pay attention to the following details, it will help you learn about the various types of elections and their benefits.

Recall Elections

These elections are held to recall the officeholders without influencing the political parties on the representatives. It helps people to have safe and secure ELECTIONS without facing any query and problem. This type of election is majorly adopted in the United States. The recall is designed to make sure that the elected person will perform his tasks as the constituency instead of the political parties. It leads people to impact the official tasks greatly and allows them to have a great outcome with no risks.


Plebiscites are those elections that are held to decide tow various types pf paramount issues that are taking place in this entire country. These issues include legitimacy, government, and nationality of territories contested among the governments. It shows the government’s roles and allows you to know the various aspects related to the government. In this case, the government seeks employees’ popular mandate and legitimate to establish their rights to speak in the nation.

Elections for Officeholders

Another type of election which are held under political practices is the ELECTIONS for officeholders. These elections are mainly dependent upon the office people’s votes who decide to have the best leader for their office and make the right decision on their behalf. Electorates have a limited power to determine government policies, and most of the elections don’t directly establish the public policy. Still, it allows small groups of people to make their policy and leader.

Final Verdict

With the above points, you can understand the various types of people and also allows you to have beneficial knowledge of ELECTIONS. It also helps you to learn about the new world and also allows you to have a great impact on political powers. You must learn about the various types to have a great and easy impact on the economy.

read more

Who Wins It?

The Court of Appeal in Jos will, on 11 July decide the winner of the 21 April 2007 senatorial election between Senate President David Mark and Alhaji Usman Abubakar

By Sunday Orinya/ Jos

The long legal battle over the Benue South Senatorial District seat between Senate President, David Alechenu Bonaventure Mark and Alhaji Usman Abubakar, popuarly known as Young Alhaji, arising from the 21 April 2007 election was rounded off on 25 June at the Appeal Court, Jos following adoption of addresses by parties to the case.

Justice Zainab Bulkachuwa fixed 11 July for judgment in the celebrated legal tussle that started in July last year.Although David Mark, following his declaration by INEC as the elected senator representing the zone, went ahead to clinch the Senate presidency in a keenly contested election against George Akume, his Benue kinsman, Alhaji Usman dragged him to the Election Petitions Tribunal in Makurdi, asking that he be declared winner of the election or fresh election be conducted in the disputed areas of Okpokwu and Agatu local governments where he claimed the results were cancelled because of malpractices.

All attempts to prevail on him to withdraw the petition against Mark failed. In February this year, the Tribunal, headed by Justice C.I. Uriri, nullified the election and directed INEC to conduct fresh election in Okpokwu and Agatu local governments within 60 days. But both parties appeared unimpressed with the judgment, as they headed to the appelate court in Jos. While Senator Mark is piqued by the tribunal’s nullification of his election, Alhaji Usman felt shortchanged that the tribunal did not declare him winner despite acknowledging that he had beaten Mark in the seven local governments cleared. INEC also picked holes in the portion of the judgment that ordered for a fresh election to be held. The battle consequently shifted to the Appeal Court.

Damian Dodo, SAN, representing Mark, canvassing several grounds of appeal wants the appelate court to set aside the entire judgment of the tribunal. On the other hand, Chief Wole Olanipekun, SAN, counsel to Abubakar, wants the court to declare his client winner, as, according to him, the judgment of the tribunal calling for another election was ‘guesswork’. Yet, Amaechi Nwaewu, SAN, representing INEC, wants the court to set aside the lower court’s decision calling for a fresh election.

Mark’s request to file an application against four interlocutory rulings of the election petitions tribunal that nullified the results of two of the nine local governments in the area was granted on 17 June, giving him more hope. Dismissing the objection by counsel to Abubakar that the request was an abuse of court process, Justice Bulkachuwa held that the merit in the application by Mark could not be ignored. The three applications were heard by the court on 25 June. In his address, Mark’s counsel argued, among other grounds of appeal, that while the tribunal accepted that election in Oju was free and fair, it failed to credit Mark with the 37,343 votes scored by the PDP in the local government, even when it was admitted in evidence and was not denied in the pleadings of Abubakar. He urged the tribunal to return the votes to the appellant.

He further argued that while the election tribunal predicated its judgment on the manifest relevance of the report of the Deputy Commissioner of Police, Area Commander of Police and the unit commander of the Mobile Police Unit, to nullify Mark’s votes in Okpokwu and Agatu, none of the authors of the reports were made to give testimony to avail the appellant the opportunity to challenge the reports. He, therefore, requested the appellate court to expunge the report, as the evidence cannot be relied upon.

He declared that while none of the principal characters – the electoral officers of Okpokwu and Agatu and the district Returning Officer – consented to canceling the result in their evidence, the tribunal, relying on the report of people who did not come to court went ahead to cancel the election. Dodo averred that there is no credible basis for cancellation of his client’s election, describing the decision of the lower court as “capricious and whimsical”.

According to him, while the tribunal accepted that some documents were falsified it went ahead to base its ruling on the same document but refused to give Mark hearing when he sought for rehearing of the case when the allegation of falsification was brought before the tribunal. The counsel for INEC aligned himself with the submissions of Mark’s counsel. But Chief Olanipekun asked the court to dismiss the appeal as all the grounds of appeal have no bearing with the reliefs sought, describing it as a mere academic exercise. He said there was no cross-petition by the appellant in the election petitions tribunal for relief over the Oju result.

He averred that the court has no jurisdiction over the result of Oju and cannot “cancel the Opkokwu and Agatu votes which have been justified by the tribunal”. On his appeal that his client should be declared winner, the senior advocate argued that the decision of the Returning Officer is final. He said the election was for National Assembly which was not based on geographical spread but on simple majority vote of valid votes cast.

According to him, the lower tribunal’s decision not to declare his client winner should be set aside by the Appeal Court. But Dodo reminded the court that the tribunal only granted the relief sought by the appellant in his prayers at the tribunal and asked the court to dismiss the appeal.

Olanipekun, in his reply, however, said the relief was an alternative in the event that others were not granted. Though Justice Bulkachuwa said the day’s legal battle was tedious but worthwhile, for the parties to the case it is only on 11 July that they will know whether the energy and money spent in the last one year have been worth their while.

read more

Elections Or Coronavirus; What to fight?

People Hand Male Handshake Man Ask Election Deal

Many might be aware of what is going on in India right now. India is highlighted as one the worst affected countries by a coronavirus, and it’s not even something that can be hidden at this point. Every state and every city in the country has been noticing a rise in the number of cases, and the situation is just getting worst day by day. Amidst all of this, many may not have noticed something, and that being the elections that are going to take place soon in some places and some which are ongoing.

The same happened back in 2020 in the United States, elections took place, and a lot of concerns were raised, such as the posed health risk to the voters, unfair polling that may happen to lead to biased results, ultimately leading to an unfair election. Many more nations conducted elections amidst covid-19 promising various safety measures and everything one could think of, and Democratic elections have been recently going on around the world.

what the situation is and then plan out things well

The huge rallies that were taking place in Kolkata, West Bengal, India, are something that shouldn’t go unnoticed. The government had mentioned that all precautions were being taken while the rallies were conducted and that social distancing was maintained. But it is undeniably seen that was not the case. According to many reports from local people, the rallies included high marks crossed people who weren’t wearing a mask, the maximum limit of people allowed in the rallies, and not exaggerating. People were falling over each other, without any social distancing being maintained.

But the question that should arise is, are elections so important amidst covid-19? When the situation has been turning worse, cases are so high that people cannot get beds in the hospitals or even oxygen cylinders at home.

Understand democracy and elections

For bigger counties where democracy holds power, the government must be well aware that holding elections amidst covid-19 will bring out no good. Democratic elections require immense public interactions, the role of media, and mass communication, and all of this may not be feasible when things are turning to the worst, an example seen in Kolkata, West Bengal. Also, not to forget the fact that India has the largest number of electorates in the entire world and such a large population, posing an excessive disaster threat when the situation goes downhill.

When these concerns were raised, the government came out with what they may call “better solutions”. The increase in the number of polling booths and the decrease in the maximum number of people in a polling booth would help solve the problem? The other solution was the option of postal votes for people who can’t come to vote, such as aged people and the disabled.

But this poses another threat, which is an unfaithful election and biased results. Who would ensure that the results will be 100% fair and transparent?

And yes, the elections are being conducted.

Bottom Line

It’s inevitable that elections play such an important role and are necessary for the smooth functioning of a country. Still, many are questioning the point of risking the entire population for this. And many are concerned with what are they fighting against, is the covid-19 pandemic or is the elections at the moment.

read more

Why Elections Take Place In The Economy?

Many people love to get engaged in politics because they make their interest in the economy’s social works. One of the most important factors that play a major role in the political world is ELECTIONS. It helps people have those experiences that are unique and have some great features. Usually, people tend to get involved in elections because it allows them to know about various high post people who have great control over multiple people. Earn money and dodge the election’s effect on the economy. Play simple and interactive casino games at 바카라 사이트.

You must have knowledge about the political world if you want to get involved in it because this world includes so many mind games that are compulsory for you to understand. If you want to know why elections occur, make sure you will be patient and calm as this world requires your polite nature. Usually, people prefer to get involved in this field because they want to learn more about politics and earn money through this medium.

Try to be active while considering the elections to understand its importance and have the best result. It will help you learn more about elections and allow you to be an active citizen of the entire economy.

  • Political Power – When someone disperses political power to get involved in various social works, it helps them stay safe from various aspects by using that power. The power helps the people get involved in ELECTIONS and allows them to get the potential authoritarians. If you succeed in winning the elections, you can easily control various parts of your country’s society and have a major role in the entire economy.

  • Legitimacy – Another factor that allows you to know the importance of elections is that it helps you confer legitimacy on a state with some political powers. Once you get to know about some major elements of this world, then it allows you to have the best result with great offers. It allows you to make fair decisions and make people aware of various aspects of the economy with some major elements. If you do not pay attention to the good aspects, it can legitimize an autocratic state, which is not fair.

  • Keep Leaders Complaint – A different reason for holding ELECTIONS is that it helps keep the leader’s complaint with the majority of the population’s major needs. It also helps the people get a leader who listens to them and decides accordingly as per their needs and wants. If the leaders are good, it will be a great point for the economy; otherwise, people will face huge problems. You must know about the leaders as them for their help as they get the political powers after winning the elections.

Final Verdict

After considering the above points, you will get to know about ELECTIONS’ various aspects, which will help you know its importance. Once you get to know about the elections well, then it will be a great element for you and will help you in taking good care of your economy and lifestyle,

read more

A Look At The Indian General Election

India is the largest democracy in the entire world; the country is also the second-largest when it comes to population and seventh in the land. Having a vast population and different terrains of land, it becomes evident that the democracy of the country will also be broad. With this large democracy comes the responsibility of conducting free and fair Elections, which responsibility is given to the Election Commission Of India.

Elections in India

Elections in India are celebrated as a festival, almost every fourth citizen of India is keenly interested in Indian politics. This is why the General Election of 2019 was given a tag line of ‘Desh Ka Maha Tyohar,’ which in English means the nation’s grand festival. But that’s not all. India is a nation of festivals and elections.

India goes for an election every year, they can be not so big as a general election but are crucially important for its democratic functioning. They have Panchayat elections at the grass-root level in the villages, Municipal corporation elections at the city level, state elections for the legislative assemblies of the states, and General election for the nation’s overall democratic working as a whole.

General election 2019

In 2019 India went through their General elections under which the citizen needed to vote and choose the Party which will form the nation’s government. The elections were held in seven phases, starting from April 11, 2019, to May 19, 2019; these elections were happening to form the country’s 17th Lok Sabha.

Lok Sabha is termed as the House of People in the Indian Parliament, where leaders elected by the people of the nation sit and do the proceedings accordingly. However, in the elections 2019, around 911 million people were eligible for casting their votes. India reported the highest number of voting of approximately 67% in which women voters also came out at a large scale to cast their votes.

Results were declared on May 23, 2019, after the calculation of votes in which the Bhartiya Janta Party came out as the largest Party winning 303 seats from a total 545 with a vote share of 37.36%. The BJP lead National Democratic Alliance won 353 seats [ 303 of BJP + 50 seats of alliance partners] and raised the total vote share from 36 to 45%. Another national party of Indian democracy, the Indian National Congress, which is believed to be a pre-independence party, won only 52 seats, and their alliance UPA won 91 seats in total.

The UPA leader, Mr. Rahul Gandhi, contested the elections from two Lok sabha constituencies that were Amethi in Uttar Pradesh state of India and Wayanad in the Kerala state of India. He lost Amethi from Smriti Irani Of BJP but won from Wayanad and came into the house. However, Prime minister Modi contested from Varanasi constituency of Uttar Pradesh and won the election there.

As a result, the National Democratic Alliance leader, Mr. Narendra Modi, took oath as the Indian Prime Minister for the second time and that too, forming a full majority government.


read more